Apr 29 2008

Self-Study The Gospel According to JOHN-Chapters 19, 20, & 21

Published by at 5:39 pm under For the New Christian



Welcome to the study summary of John Chapters 19, 20, & 21.  Please read these Chapters of John before reviewing this summary.

John 19:17-24  Jesus is crucified at a site known as Golgotha.  See  Matt. 27:33-37; Mark 15:22-26; Luke 23:32-38

John 19:25-27  Jesus’ mother and two other women – Mary the wife of Cleophas and Mary Magdalene – look on as Jesus is crucified.  Jesus commends His mother to the care of His disciple John ” the disciple standing by, whom He loved”.  See Matt. 27:55-56; Mark 15:40-41; Luke 23:49

John 19:28-30  Jesus dies on the cross after the soldiers give Him vinegar to drink as a painkiller.

John 19:31-37  After Jesus dies, soldiers pierce His side with a sword to make sure He is dead.  Jesus had died quickly, so it was not necessary for the soldiers to break His legs to hasten His death.  This fulfills the Scripture that no bones of the sacrificial lamb offered during the Passover were to be broken.  See Exo. 12:46;  Num. 9:12

John 19:38-42  Joseph of Arimathea, a secret follower of Jesus, claims His body to give it an appropriate burial.  Joseph is assisted by Nicodemus ( John 3:1-21 ), who brings perfume and spices to anoint the body.  They bury Jesus in a new tomb that has never been used.  See Matt. 27:57-60; Mark 15:42-46; Luke 23:50-54

John 20:1-2  Mary Magdalene discovers the body of Jesus is missing when she visits the tomb on Sunday morning.  She reports this to His disciples Peter and John.  See Matt. 28:1-10; Mark 16:1-8; Luke 24:1-8

John 20:3-10  Peter and John rush to the tomb to check out Mary’s report that Jesus’ body has been taken away.  See Luke 24:9-12

John 20:11-18  Mary Magdalene remains outside the tomb after Peter and John leave.  Two angels tell her that Jesus has been resurrected from the dead.  Then Jesus appears before Mary and reveals Himself clearly as the risen Christ.  She reports this to His disciples.  See Mark 16:9-11

John 20:19-25  The resurrected Jesus appears to His disciples in a place where they are hiding because of their fear of the Jewish religious leaders.  He convinces them He is the risen Christ by showing them the wounds on His hands and side.  Jesus’ disciple Thomas is not present during the appearance.  He refuses to believe that Jesus is alive until He can see Him with his own eyes.

John 20:26-31  Jesus appears among His disciples when Thomas is present.  He deals with Thomas’ skepticism by inviting Him to touch the wounds in His hands and side.  Believing, Thomas declares, “My Lord and my God”. 

John 21:1-14  Jesus appears to seven of His disciples at the sea of Galilee.  He prepares and eats a meal with them to prove they are not seeing a ghost or a vision. 

John 21:15-19  Jesus forgives Peter for his denials and reinstates him to full service as His disciple, charging him to “feed my sheep”.  He predicts that Peter will suffer persecution and death because of his faithfulness to the risen Lord.

John 21:20-23  Jesus deals with Peter’s question about how long His disciple John (“the disciple whom Jesus loved,”) will live.

John 21:24-25  Jesus’ disciple John, the author of this Gospel, vows that the things he has written about Jesus are authentic eyewitness accounts.  He also declares that Jesus did many things he has not included in this Gospel.  If he had written about all these events, John says, “the world itself could not contain the books that should be written”.


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